European Open EDU Policy Project

Open Education Links from Around the World #8

Today’s set of links opens an article describing artificial intelligence in the service of good, We will also learn how management techniques from the world of business can be used in education and how state subsidies affect the shape of open education. Finally, very good news: On May 28, 2019, UNESCO member state representatives took an important step for open education by adopting the 2019 UNESCO OER Recommendation.

  1. How does artificial intelligence help young people get out of homelessness?
  2. Can agile be successful in education?h
  3. Opportunities and challenges of state-financed Open Educational Resources. The Norwegian model – a way to more inclusion?
  4. UNESCO OER Recommendation has been adopted.

Open Education Links from Around the World #7

  1. UNESCO has published a very interesting report “Understanding the Impact of OER: Achievements and Challenges” which aims to critically review the growth of OER and its potential impact on education systems around the world.
  2. Find out the new issue of The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (www.irrodl.org) with many interesting articles on MOOCs and open education and especially interesting investigation on the degree to which different variables, like demographics and motivation, affect the completion of a MOOC!
  3. An interesting conference “Open Science Fair” will take place on September 16-18 in Porto, Portugal. The conference aims to critically showcase the elements required for the transition to Open Science: e-infrastructures and services, policies as guidance for good practices, research flows and new types of activities. You can still participate in the preparation of interesting conference workshop  – Open Discussion: A tale of two ‘opens’? Intersections between Open Science and Open Education
  4. Very interesting article about how Finland is winning the war on fake news describing an anti-fake news initiative launched by Finland’s government in 2014  aimed at teaching residents, students, journalists, and politicians how to counter false information designed to sow division.

Open Education Links from Around the World #6

  1. How to create a truly open and accessible textbook? In the Accessibility Toolkit, you will find everything you need to achieve this goal. And it can be even easier since recent update of the Accessibility Toolkit. Here you can find an excerpt from this publication with recommendations about color contrast.
  2. The competition is a universal method that increases the activity of users and creators. To encourage Africans to be active creators of Wikipedia, the photo contest “Wiki loves Africa” ​​was invented.
  3. CC Search is here with over 300 million images! CC Search searches images across 19 collections pulled from open APIs and the Common Crawl dataset, including cultural works from museums, graphic designs and artworks, photos from Flickr, and an initial set of CC0 3D designs from Thingiverse. Now we can are all invited to share with CC team our feedback and help to develop this tool.
  4. Open Education Working Group starts its new project – Open Education Policy Lab. The aim is to support Higher Education Institutions and Consortia in co-creating Open Education Policies. They use a policy-making toolkit and co-creation methodology to build capacities across a wide range of stakeholders to enable them with the skills needed to actively participate in the different stages of policymaking.

Open Education Links from Around the World #5

  1. On the Open Education Week website, you can find a summary of this year’s event. Centrum Cyfrowe also contributed to this success. The week-long event spotlights amazing work from over a dozen categories including live, face-to-face events, webinars, projects, and resources.
  2. There are no significant differences in standardized test scores when comparing students who use OER versus commercial materials – more can be learned from research carried out by researchers at Brigham Young University.
  3. If you are looking for a large collection of open educational resources (mostly textbooks), you can look at these two proposals.
  4. In less than two weeks, the Creative Commons Summit begins, where you can meet a large part of the Centrum Cyfrowe team. You will be able to participate in our meetings and workshops. We are extremely pleased that Natalia Mileszyk will be one of the keynote speakers of the event.

Open Education Links from Around the World #4

Our bi-weekly review of open education links from around the world. This review is prepared by Alek Tarkowski from Centrum Cyfrowe.
  1. Last week, I took part in the fabuluous OER19 conference, organized by ALT. Here are just some highlights from the event. The archive of live streamed sessions and the conference twitter hashtag are good ways to catch up with what happened in Galway.
  2. Copyright literacy is a project with a self explanatory title. There isn’t much focus on legal issues in the Open Education community right now, so I seek out sessions on the topic – in my opinion its still a fundamental issue. Jane Secker and Chris Morrison excel at creative educational and outreach methods, including a card game about copyright exceptions and a “Publishing trap” boardgame.
  3. Reclaim hosting brings the Indie Web spirit to Open Education. It provides independent web hosting to students and educators as means of controlling their digital identity. And they have a great logo.
  4. FemEdTech is a new network focusing on feminist approach to education technology. Diversity and inclusion was a big topic at OER19. I like this network for its community-based and inclusive spirit.
  5. Cape Town + 10 years debates are wrapping up. For over a year, together with Nicole Allen we organized discussions about new directions for Open Education. We organized the last session in the series at OER19 (video available here) and have started planning a new project on future directions for OE.

Join Online Roundtable on Open Education Policies

Centrum Cyfrowe team would like to invite you for the second Online Roundtable on Open Education Policies, which will take place on April 24 at 8 am (UTC). Like the first time, this roundtable is a chance for all of us to meet in order to share information related to Open Education, understand what others are planning, see what maybe can be done together.

We will do a “tour de table”, in which each participant will have several minutes to share their information, plans, and comments.

Things we have shared during the first Online Roundtable (in March)
  • The final report from the Open Education Leadership Summit
  • The Digital Public Goods Alliance aims to provide the needed supporting ecosystem to make digital goods easily discoverable, accessible, and usable, and build a community to create, develop, maintain and deploy these goods all over the world.
  • Open Education Global 2019 Conference.  The theme of the Open Education Global 2019 Conference is Open Education for Open Future – Resources, Practices, Communities. The conference takes place in Milan, Italy, 26-28 November 2019.
  • Blockchain, Open Education & Digital Citizenship – the two-day conference runs 28-29 May, 2019 with pre-conference workshops held on 27 May. The aim of this conference is to provide participants with an independent, informed overview of the application of blockchain technologies in education contexts.
  • National OER/OE policy guidelines developed by UNESCO will be launched during the Mobile Learning. The main goal of this roadmap is to work on strategies, including advocacy, that will help accelerate the development and adoption of Open Education policies. The focus is on primary/secondary (K12) and post-secondary education levels as well as governments.
  • In this year OER World Map project will focus more on promotion. More information about this project you will find on this blog.

OER Policy Lab – satellite event of the OER19 conference

The OER Policy Lab is a one day policy hackathon that we are organizing together with the OER World Map team on the 9th of April 2019. The meeting is a satellite event of the OER19 conference.

OER policy registry – interactive dashboard

The workshop aims to:

  1. Collect and review OER policies in the OER policy registry, with a special focus on European cases;
  2. Identify what new functionalities of the OER Policy Registry are needed by open policy advocates;
  3. Discuss and design an Open Education Policy Network that can support experts working on furthering Open Education policies.

We are bringing together a dozen of advocacy and policy experts, including representatives of the Open Education Consortium, Hewlett Foundation and OER Hub at the Open University UK, as well as individual policy experts.

Open Education links from around the world #3

Bi-weekly review of open education links from around the world. This review is prepared by Karolina Szczepaniak from Centrum Cyfrowe.
  1. In March we celebrated 30 anniversary of the World Wide Web. In 1989 Sir Timothy Berners-Lee made a proposal for an information management system and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client server via the internet. On this occasion, Open Education Working Group has published an article which we highly recommend “Celebrating the open web as a route towards a (more) critical digital education”.
  2. In the context of this anniversary, it is good to mention about OWLETH catalogue. This is a catalogue of instances of the Open Web covering applications and platforms that can be relevant for teaching and learning. It also includes resources and references that can help people understand what the Open Web is.
  3. We are happy that we can share with you a new methodological guide on evaluating the impact of an open e-textbooks program based on the Polish case. One of the co-authors of this publication is Alek Tarkowski, President of the Board, Centrum Cyfrowe Foundation.
  4. Recentering Open: Critical and global perspectives” it is a title of two-day conference which starts on April 10, in Galway. Registration for OER19 is now closed as the event is sold out but you find out more about sessions that will be live streamed.

Open Education news from around the world #2

Bi-weekly newsletter for most interesting open education updates by Centrum Cyfrowe (March 19, 2019)


  1. Redhat company has just published a great story of “teacher, an afterschool club, and how they built a creative community through open leadership and transformed a city in the process”. You can find this and many other inspiring open source stories on https://red.ht/2IPcf2g.  
  2. BCCampus Open Education prepared very interesting Working Group Guide (https://opentextbc.ca/workinggroupguide/) on how to establish, run, and sustain an open working group – a resource for librarians, staff, and faculty who support open education.  
  3. Open Education Hackdays is great example of collaboration between students, teachers, EdTech Startups, school specialists and engineers, data analysts and designers in order to create the “School of the Future”.   The Open Education Hackdays will take place at the International Swiss Boarding School on March 22-23 2019 (https://opendata.ch/projects/open-education-hackdays/).
  4. Many brilliant open educational resources on art and cultural objects can be found on Smart History website https://smarthistory.org. Enjoy!

Global Web-a-thon2019 Recordings of webinars

28 online conferences, 878 minutes, 222 unique participants

Open Education Week is an annual convening of the global open education movement to share ideas, new open education projects, and to raise awareness about open education and its impact on teaching and learning worldwide. Each year, the Creative Commons global community participates, hosts webinars, gives local talks and shares CC licensed educational resources.

As part of the event this year, the Creative Commons Open Education Platform and Centrum Cyfrowe Foundation hosted a 24-Hour Global Web-a-thon. We had amazing speakers from around the world presenting in multiple languages. Experts from Algeria, Nigeria, Argentina, South Africa, Italy, Chile, United Kingdom, Afghanistan, United States, Ireland, Sweden, Canada and Poland presented their open education projects. All recordings of webinars are available now.

Recordings of sessions

Presentation of the Open Networked Learning course – an initiative from Karolinska Institutet, Lund University, Linnaeus University and Karlstad University with Partner Universities and Organizations in Brazil, Finland, Ireland, Singapore, South Africa, and Switzerland. In particular, we will focus on the new course homepage powered by WordPress and BuddyPress. Listen to presentation of the Open Networked Learning course (0:22)

Open Education news from around the world #1

The OE Global Conference organized by Open Education Consortium will take place in Milan, Italy, 26 – 28 November, 2019. The conference is devoted exclusively to open education, attracting researchers, practitioners, policy makers, educators and students from more than 35 countries to discuss and explore how Open Education advances educational practices around the world. The theme of the Conference is Open Education for an Open Future – Resources, Practices, Communities. Proposal submissions due: 1 May 2019.

The webinar series on Open PedagogyOpen Education Consortium and the State University of New York have teamed up to offer series of webinars (from February 20 to April 30) which mainly seek to:

  • highlight examples of open pedagogy practices that may be replicated
  • facilitate and support a community of practice for Open Pedagogy The agenda is available here.

Did you know that eCampusOntario Open Library provides educators and learners with access to more than 250 free and openly-licensed textbooks? The library is now integrated with publishing infrastructure, allowing easy creation or adaption of OER, version tracking, cloning support and interactive content.

The Open Education Week (March 4-8) is approaching! OE Week is a celebration of the global Open Education Movement – gives us an annual opportunity to show the world what’s happening with open education. The list of all events is available here:

  1. The 2nd Global Open Education Web Conference
  2. Critical thinking with Europeana webinar: the use of primary sources as an effective technique to spot fake news
  3. The story of the Open University in Europe and the world
  4. Ongoing initiatives for Open Education in Europe


Cooperation changes everything – Open Education Policy Forum

Cooperation changes everything – that was the motto of our Third Open Education Policy Forum, which took place on 15-16 October in Warsaw, Poland. Our yearly event brought together, like in the previous years, 50 XX open education advocates from across Europe. Our goal is to create a meeting at which those of us in the open education community, who focus on policymaking and advocacy, can come together to meet each other, share experiences, be mutually inspired and make plans for collaborations.

A new name broadens the scope of our approach

This year, we decided to change the name of our event, from the previously used Open Educational Resources Policy Forum. OER-related policies still remain incredibly important and are usually the foundation of other policy efforts. Yet we believe that open education activism should be based on a broader policy vision. In our own work, we believe that resources, skills and practices, infrastructure and technology, and accreditation are equally important.

Cape Town Declaration: thinking about new directions

To this end, we built the concept of the Forum around the 10 new directions for Open Education, developed as part of the Cape Town Open Education Declaration Process. We kicked off the Forum with conversations about the 10 directions, and also asked the question: what directions are missing, what would you add? We believe that the vision and model of Open Education needs to be a living thing, which adapts to the changing needs of educators and learners.

http://www.capetowndeclaration.org/cpt10/

This broad perspective was visible during the Open Break, our public event, taking part in the evening of the first day of the Forum. For this part of the Forum, we used a TedX-style format in order to present, in a short time, a wide range of issues related to Open Education. Some of the talks concerned core Open Education policy issues: Nicole Allen from SPARC talked about her experience with open advocacy, and Øivind Høines from NDLA presented the state of OER policy in Norway. Ola Czetwertyńska from our team presented the Open Education Cooperative, our content co-creation project for teachers. Agnieszka Bilska presented the Polish Superbelfrzy initiative, a community of innovative educators with a strong ethos of working in the open. But we also wanted to show how Open Education connects with other innovative approaches to education. Marek Mansell from the Slovak Python User Group talked about transforming education with the micro:bit computing toolkit, and Ola Bernatowicz, an elementary school student from the Kids Code Fun initiative, talked about her experiences with coding. Alex Grech gave us an overview of the new technological frontiers of Open Education, by presenting how blockchain can change accreditation in education.

Nicole: https://youtu.be/2-W1t8f3urg

Oivind: https://youtu.be/ZPRHqojErGU

Ola https://youtu.be/Vo3_6LOnBHQ

Agnieszka https://youtu.be/27hg7Rt2rmY

Marek: https://youtu.be/cM5DdhZD9aY

Bernatowicz: https://youtu.be/_AXHnbU3l2M

Alex: https://youtu.be/Wc1oyBmSY7w

Policy meets practice

In Poland, we have been exploring how Open Education advocacy can receive broader support and greater awareness from the education community. We believe that open education practices are the solution to this: only by experiencing open approaches themselves can educators understand the importance of system-level change towards open. This year, we connected the Forum to the final meeting of the pilot round of SpołEd, or the Open Education Collective. The project invited a dozen Polish math teachers for an intensive course in content co-creation. In 2019, we will continue to explore how policy can succesfully meet practice.

This perspective was also important during Open Education Policy Co-Creation workshop which was lead by Javiera Atenas (Open Education Working Group) and Fabio Nascimbeni (UNIR). The aim of this workshop was to facilitating strategies for policymakers and other stakeholders to design Open Education Policies by using an open education policy-making toolkit (adapted from a policy design methodology developed by the UK policy lab). The methodology of the workshop provoke to  think about open education policies in broader perspective.

 

UNESCO policy process – top-down support for our activities

During the Forum, Gašper Hrastelj from the Slovenian National Commission for UNESCO presented an overview of the ongoing drafting process for UNESCO Recommendation on Open Educational Resources. The process, with its long time frame, creates an important framework for conducting Open Education advocacy – by creating an opportunity to discuss policies with policymakers and stakeholders in relation to a drafting process conducted by an important and recognized global institution.

Taken together, the UNESCO process and the Cape Town Declaration create a frame that can create a synergy between grassroots and top-down approaches. We believe that Open Education policymaking should be structured between these two processes.

Importance of connectors

During the Forum, we often discussed how Open Education needs to be framed in the broader context of other open movements (for example Open Access or Open Data), as well as other policy efforts, issues and movements (for example a focus on eduational equity or digital skills and education).

It became clear to us, that our participants play the important role of connectors – by connecting together varied communities, local, national and global perspectives, different policy and legislative processes. We appreciated a lot a strong presence of American activists, thanks to whom we can connect activism in Europe and the United States. We firmly believe that connectors are a crucial element of our global community – and even more strongly, after this year’s experience – see the Forum as an opportunity for such connectors to meet.

Open Education Policy Network

The Forum is for us one element of a broader strategy to build an Open Education Policy Network in Europe. The Network has two goals: to create a European community of Open Education activists and policymakers, and to support development of Open Education policies across the continent.

To this end, we conducted during the Forum a workshop, together with the OER World Map team, that concerned mapping Open Education policies in Europe. We see this as a first step towards establishing such network, and an effort that can be shared among activists in Europe. We hope that in 2019 we will develop a foundation for such a Europe-wide network, that will bring closer activists working on Open Education policies.

See you next time, in 2019

While our Forum is a unique event dedicated to Open Education policies, we see our meeting in the context of several other important events that shape together the calendar for Open Education activism. Open Education Leadership Summit, organized in December 2018, is a crucial event that aims to achieve similar goals to ours, but at a global level. And we are already preparing for next year: the OER19 conference, which will take place in Galway, Ireland, in April, and the CC Summit in Lisbon, Portugal in May.

In early 2019, we will start preparing the Fourth Open Education Policy Forum, which we are planning for October 2019. If you are working on Open Education policies and interested in joining this event, please get in touch with Alek Tarkowski – we would love to meet you next year in Warsaw.

https://www.openeducationleadershipsummit.com/

Copyrights & Open Access in Education – conference in Bulgaria

On June 18th a round table on in Education took place in Sofia under the initiative of DIGITAL REPUBLIC and have provided a platform for discussion on the current issues on European scale. The event was part of the official calendar of the European Parliament Bureau Bulgaria and has been performed in the perspective of the Bulgarian Presidency of EU, that ends in July. The participants in the Round Table represented the variety of stakeholders in Bulgaria and Europe – research/academia (prof. George Dimitrov, prof. Mariyana Lazarova), interested not-for-profit organizations (Lisette Kalshoven, Alek Tarkowski, Natalia Mileszyk), projects (Georgi Simeonov, Claudia Iordache) as well representatives of Bulgarian institutions ( Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications).

The event has provided floor for the discussion on the most current trends/issues in the educational sphere on regional and European scale. The ongoing controversial Copyright Reform in EU was discussed in perspective of education/educational exceptions, especially in the perspective of the effective Bulgarian Copyright Law. A consensus was achieved between the participants for future steps towards better understanding and actions for DIGITAL REPUBLIC and the representatives of Ministry of Education will join efforts towards the achievement of better educational copyright exception in Bulgaria. Another accent of the event was the discussion on open access and open educational resources in Europe in Bulgaria. Again, it was concluded that future efforts in this direction are necessary to be taken in Bulgaria. For this aim, DIGITAL REPUBLIC and OpenAIRE Bulgaria will join their forces.

 

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If you would like to take part in the Third Open Education Policy Forum (Warsaw, 15th-16th Oct.), please fill in your details in this Event Registration Form below. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at kszczepaniak@centrumcyfrowe.pl

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If you would like to take part in the Third Open Education Policy Forum (Warsaw, 15th-16th Oct.), please fill in your details in this Event Registration Form below. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at kszczepaniak@centrumcyfrowe.pl

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If you would like to take part in the Third Open Education Policy Forum (Warsaw, 15th-16th Oct.), please fill in your details in this Event Registration Form below. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at kszczepaniak@centrumcyfrowe.pl

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How to develop Open Education in Poland? Workshop at the University of Gdańsk

On June 13 a group of Polish non-governmental organizations, researchers and librarians working in the field of open education met in order to discuss on recommendations for better public policies for open education. The aim of the meeting was also to network with people and institutions who are interested in developing open education in Poland.

The framework of our discussion was based on three areas:

  • formal education (primary and secondary schools),
  • academic education (including research and Open Access)
  • non-formal education entities that can complement school education, create materials for use in schools, run parallel educational activities, trainings for teachers, management staff, etc.

An important part of our discussion was an analysis of how the Cape Town Declaration +10 years model, which defines new directions for Open Education policies, fits in the Polish context. We’ve focused on the reality of academic digital repositories, using the example of MOST Knowledge  repository of Gdańsk University of Technology). We also discussed the involvement of university libraries in promoting openness among students, research associates and lecturers.

It was also an opportunity for us to exchange opinions and insights about the Polish national open textbooks platform “E-podręczniki”. One of the most important conclusions of this discussion was that open educational resources cannot be limited only to digital resources.

This meeting was the first step in developing recommendations in the areas selected by us. Centrum Cyfrowe in cooperation of The Faculty of Pedagogy of the University of Gdańsk is planning now subsequent stages of work.

Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of the Cape Town Declaration

In celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Cape Town Open Education Declaration, a group of open education activists met in Cape Town in March 2017 to reflect on progress made by the community over the last ten years, celebrate our accomplishments, understand the challenges, and inspire new directions. After several months of continued conversation and collaborative development, the group agreed upon a set of ten key areas where the open education movement can grow in the next decade. 

Cape Town Open Education Declaration 10th Anniversary: Ten Directions to Move Open Education Forward was launched today during a satellite event at the 2nd World OER Congress in Ljubljana, Slovenia. During the workshop, themes from the project were highlighted by members of our network: Jan Gondol from Slovakia, Michal Kaderka from the Czech Republic, and Alek Tarkowski from Poland.

A writeup of the ten directions has been published on the Cape Town Declaration website and in a booklet distributed at the Congress.

The ten directions are:

  • Communicating Open
  • Empowering the Next Generation
  • Connecting with Other Open Movements
  • Open Education for Development
  • Open Pedagogy
  • Thinking Outside the Institution
  • Data and Analytics
  • Beyond the Textbook
  • Copyright Reform for Education
  • Opening up Publicly Funded Resources

The 2017 meeting in Cape Town and the collaborative development of the writeup were supported by the William and Flora Hewlett, Mozilla, Open Society, and Shuttleworth Foundations. The collaborative development process was coordinated by Centrum Cyfrowe, SPARC, the MIT Media Lab, the Open Education Consortium, and Creative Commons, working with a broad group of contributors who are leading open education in their communities.

Follow the conversation at #CPT10.

2nd OER Policy Forum in Warsaw

For two days in Warsaw, over 40 experts, activists and officials from 23 countries were discussing the best way to create and implement public policies on openness in education at national and international levels. The perfect opportunity for doing this was the second OER Policy Forum, organized on 1-2 of June by Centrum Cyfrowe (the first Forum was organized in 2016 in Kraków, as a side event to the 2016 OE Global conference).

We are very happy that we had the opportunity to host public administration officials also this year. We appreciate that the representatives from the Polish government joined us at the Forum  – Grzegorz Zajączkowski, Advisor to the Minister of Digital Affairs, and Rafał Lew-Starowicz, Deputy Director at the Ministry for Education.

Together with the participants of the Forum, we discussed how to implement stronger open education policies across Europe. We discussed how OER can be created and shared by public institutions, and how to better raise awareness among educators and students.  One of the main aims of the Forum was also to plan shared activities and ways, in which we can support each other in our work.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvmutjoON3U

What was especially important for us was the participation of representatives from our region. This year we had pleasure to guest representatives from Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Scotland, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,Ukraine, United Kingdom. There were also representatives outside of Europe, from the United States.

During the Forum this year, we wanted to:

  • Identify common challenges and needs in the context of open education policies.
  • Identify projects where future cooperation is possible – at local, regional and supra-regional levels
  • Get acquainted with the state of public policies regarding open education in every country.
  • Share experiences among Open Education coalitions and alliances, working across Europe.
Photo: Łukasz MatczakCommon challenges

We have discussed common challenges during the workshop conducted by Alek Tarkowski: “Mapping the OER Policy space”.


One of the most frequently indicated challenges by the participants was the constant need of raising public awareness about the benefits of open education and developing a stable, good cooperation with public administration.  The role of good advocacy is crucial  for better implementation of OER policies. Nicole Allen from SPARC conducted a workshop on how to advocate for Open Education Policies. We view the OER Policy Forum as a platform for exchanging experiences between public administration, experts and activists; therefore, we are very happy that we had the opportunity to host high level officials this year as well.

Photo: Łukasz Matczak

An important moment and opportunity to discuss open education is the ongoing debate in the European Union devoted to copyright reform. The role of copyright in the development of education was also one of the most important topics during this year’s edition of the Forum. Teresa Nobre from Creative Commons Portugal conducted a workshop, which was an opportunity for discussing the changes necessary in copyright so that it stimulates the education development. One of the points of reference here was the International RightCopyright.eu campaign organized by Communia Association – more about the campaign and proposed changes can be found here. The campaign is already over but you can still sign the petition for better copyright for education or share your story on how copyright affects teaching and learning.

Photo: Łukasz Matczak

During our keynotes session, three speakers highlighted projects and developments that highlight new aspects of OER policies:

 

First and foremost – cooperation Photo: Łukasz Matczak

Group sessions devoted to open education policies and to their implementation in practice gave the opportunity to exchange experiences regarding ongoing projects. Among the initiatives presented, there were “Open Scotland”,OER World Map”, Open Education projects in France, Open Education Factory Platform, Radical Openness – Svět médií Group,  Leicester City Council School’s Extranet.

Photo: Łukasz Matczak Photo: Łukasz MatczakOpen education across EU

Forum participants could get acquainted with the state of OER public policies in individual countries. Fabio Nacimbieni and Javiera Atenas (UNIR iTED) gave a presentation on the the initial results of a study run by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre  on Open Education policies across all EU member states. This was later followed by two series of short speeches when over a dozen of countries were presented – to give a broader overview on the state of OER  policies in Europe and the US.

Photo: Łukasz Matczak

This year, special attention was paid to Slovenia, where the UNESCO 2nd OER World Congress will be held in September. With other forum participants, we aim to continue discussions initiated in Warsaw at a satellite event of the Congress.

Photo: Łukasz MatczakOpen Education Policy Network in CEE

On May 31, the day before the Forum started, a workshop was held for representatives of organizations dealing with openness in Central and Eastern Europe, which was devoted to cooperation among countries from the region: POland, Czech, Slovakia, Romania, Slovenia, Hungary, Estonia, Belarus and Germany. The aim was to develop a common narrative regarding the creation and implementation of openness policies so that we could speak with one voice in the international debate and thus reach a broader audience. At the workshop, we launched an informal coalition of organizations in the region, whose members will support each other, exchange experiences and carry out joint projects. More about our network and its first members can be read here.

 

Photo: Łukasz Matczak

The 2nd edition of OER Policy Forum was organized with the support of William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and Open Society Foundations Information Program.

Postcard from Bucharest: Open Education Romania 2017 conference

On 15th May, the 2017 edition of the Open Education Romania conference took place in the National Library in Bucharest. The event was organized by Asociatia pentru Tehnologie si Internet – ApTI and the Center for Public Innovation, together with the Open Government Partnership team from the Romanian government. Among attendants were teachers and educators, librarians and open education activists from the Coaliția pentru Resurse Educaționale Deschise – the Romanian OER coalition.

Radu Puchiu, State Secretary in the Prime Minister’s Chancellery and head of the OGP Romania team opened the event, and highlighted recent policy developments in Romania. In 2016, Romania has adopted its third OGP National Action Plan, which includes commitments to build a national OER repository in 2017 and develop a nationwide OER policy by 2018.

In this context, Daniel Bojte from the Ministry of Education spoke about ongoing work on developing open, digital textbooks. The Ministry started the digital textbooks program in 2011: the program sees the digital version as complementary to the printed one. All textbooks produced so far, over 40, are freely available on the Ministry’s website but the copyright remains with the publishers. The Ministry is looking for legal and technical options to create open textbooks. In the same session Jan Gondol from Slovak Alliance for Open Education and Alek Tarkowski from Polish Coalition for Open Education shared experiences from their countries.

The second session of the event was devoted to the issue of ongoing European copyright reform, and its effects on education. Bogdan Manolea from ApTI led a panel discussion joined by a group of legal experts from our region: Maja Bogataj Jančič from Creative Commons Slovenia, Lucie Straková from Creative Commons Slovakia and Valentina Pavel from ApTI. During the session, Valentina presented the “Right Copyright” campaign, which aims to create copyright law that better supports education in Europe. The campaign has been localised in Romanian by members of the coalition.

The conference was an opportunity for a broad range of supporters of OER in Romania to meet, including librarians, teachers and educational activists.

Open Education policy activists from countries in our region: Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Poland.

The Romanian Open Educational Resources Coalition may be reached on Facebook @ facebook.com/groups/REDRomania/ , an inviting place for everyone willing to share experiences and disseminate good practices. The Romanian coalition has also another point for dissemination, a blog @ educatiedeschisa.ro.

Let’s make copyright right. Right now. For education.

Can every teacher in Europe display YouTube videos during his or her lesson? Or photocopy the entire book for their students? Share the images found in the Internet? The answer is – no, not every of them and not everywhere.

The rules that govern what is allowed and what is not allowed for the educator are very varied in the European Union. They often do not follow the quickly changing reality, and in particular the development of the new technologies. And things should not be like that.

Within the Communia Association we prepared a European informative campaign. Its purpose is clear: to correct the law so that it allows for a good quality education in Europe. We would like to improve the copyright for education. An opportunity for that is the reform of the European copyright currently in progress in Europe.

We would like to do it together with you – European educators and policy experts. More information is available on the website of our campaign. You can also sign our petition there..

The purpose of the campaign

We launched a website in several language versions. With the website, we would like to collect petitions from teachers, educators, and all persons for whom education is an important issue. Signing the petition takes a minute and the effect might be really worth it: good copyright for education. We would like all educators to be able to do their activities freely, use new technologies, share their knowledge and resources without fearing for the legal consequences. The campaign will last until mid-May, and then its results will be presented to the European Parliament.

Why copyright is important for education?

The Internet has turned copyright into an important topic in schools. Copying web content and sharing and exchanging proprietary materials compel teachers to pose questions regarding legal issues. But most teachers are bereft of copyright knowledge. They are not taught copyright during their studies, nor do they obtain any support from their own schools or the education system. In many cases, fear of breaking the law prevents them from using digital resources and expanding the range of materials they use. Furthermore, European countries have implemented EU copyright legislation in various ways. This is why it is very difficult to determine what, where and to what extent is allowed, particularly is we are dealing with cross-border education. In addition, the freedoms applicable in schools often do not apply to educators in other institutions such as libraries, museums or non-governmental organisations. We would like to change that. So that the educators may teach freely in schools and in other institutions,  use modern technology and the copyright is not an obstacle for them. To find out more about how innovative teachers use new technology and what is their attitude to copyright check the report: Creator, rebel, guardian, unsuspecting user. Teachers and modern educational practices.

Why now?

The European Commission has prepared a project of amendments in copyright, which was heard by the European Parliament  – it is the first of such comprehensive initiatives concerning the copyright since more than a decade. Unfortunately, not all changes that have been proposed are, in our opinion, good for the development of education. Now is the moment when we can share our point of view and make harmful solutions corrected. If we do not use this opportunity, the bad provisions might be adopted and be in effect for the next decade, hindering the development of education throughout Europe. That is why we have to act now.

Why together?

The European Parliament is going to vote over the proposal of the European Commission. The MPs collect the opinions regarding the proposed changes and, on that basis will decide how to vote. If we want them to consider our opinion, we have to make them hear us, we have to act together. That is why it is so important that as many people a possible sign the petition. We prepared our campaign in various language versions. We are currently launching other versions – because other countries join the initiative. If we want good cross-border copyright for education, we have to act together, because then we are going to be heard.

How you can get involved?

Visit the campaign’s website, and if you want to make the copyright right for education, sign the petition. Then, share the information about the campaign with others – via e-mail or via social media. On the campaign’s website you can find sample tweets, posts and images. Join us!

 

If you have any questions contact us at: ojurkowska@centrumcyfrowe.pl

 

The campaign is a part of a project  Copyright for Education financed by  Open Society Foundation.

 

Wolność panoramy – pigułka wiedzy #7

Jednym z bardziej kuriozalnych przykładów na to, jak prawo autorskie jest niedostosowane do cyfrowej rzeczywistości, jest brak harmonizacji przepisów dotyczących wolności panoramy w Unii Europejskiej. Od dawna postulujemy stworzenie ram prawnych pozwalających użytkownikom na legalne korzystanie z mediów społecznościowych i dzielenie się zdjęciami przestrzeni publicznej. Nasza kolejna publikacja z serii „Pigułka wiedzy” dotyczy właśnie tego zagadnienia, które niestety nie zostało uwzględnione przez Komisję Europejską w propozycji reformy prawa autorskiego.

Publikacja do pobrania w formacie PDF.

Wolność panoramy

Przestrzeń publiczna jest  dobrem wspólnym – każdy powinien mieć prawo zobaczyć, jak wyglądają place, ulice, parki czy budynki w danym miejscu – czy to na żywo, czy tylko na zdjęciu, filmie czy w internecie np. w usługach lokalizacyjnych. Dlatego dyskutując o wolności panoramy, prawie umożliwiającym dzielenie się wizerunkiem przestrzeni publicznej, musimy pamiętać o tym, że:

  • prawo powinno podążać za rzeczywistością, wiele zasad ze świata analogowego nie powinno mieć zastosowania w świecie cyfrowym;
  • brak harmonizacji (ujednoliconych przepisów) prawa na poziomie europejskim utrudnia jego przestrzeganie.

1. Dlaczego to zagadnienie jest ważne?

Wolność panoramy (prawo panoramy) pozwala na wykorzystanie utworów wystawionych na widok publiczny, takich jak: budynki, rzeźby, pomniki, inne obiekty architektoniczne, murale, graffiti bez konieczności uzyskiwania zgody posiadaczy praw do tych dzieł. Tak jest w Polsce – ale przypisy dotyczące wolności panoramy w poszczególnych krajach są różne. Nie wszędzie publikowanie nawet prywatnych zdjęć z takimi obiektami w tle jest dozwolone. Przykładowo we Francji, Włoszech, Grecji i Szwecji w ogóle nie obowiązuje wolność panoramy i jeśli majątkowe prawa autorskie do danego obiektu nie wygasły – trzeba uzyskać zgodę na wykorzystanie wizerunku. Uważamy, że prawo musi brać pod uwagę zjawiska, jakie zachodzą w społeczeństwie –  a wolność panoramy to nieodłączny element cyfrowej kultury dzielenia się.

2. Co to jest wolność panoramy?

W Polsce prawo panoramy jest przykładem tzw. dozwolonego użytku w prawie autorskim i określa je art. 33 ustawy o prawie autorskim. Przepis ten dopuszcza publikowanie zdjęć, filmów, dzieł sztuki, które są widoczne w miejscach publicznych (np. na ulicy w parku, na skwerze). Wolność panoramy nie ma natomiast zastosowania wobec obiektów znajdujących się w miejscach niepublicznych (np. rzeźba stojąca u kogoś w domu).

Prawo panoramy w Polsce ma szeroki zakres i daje dużą pewność i swobodę w korzystaniu z utworów. Jednak to, co u nas jest oczywiste, w innych krajach wygląda zupełnie inaczej. Różnice wynikają z tego, że dyrektywa w sprawie harmonizacji niektórych aspektów praw autorskich i pokrewnych w społeczeństwie informacyjnym (tzw. InfoSoc) zezwala państwom członkowskim na wprowadzenie do prawa lokalnego  dozwolonego użytku w postaci wolności panoramy – ale tego od nich nie wymaga.  W efekcie w różnych krajach europejskich zdecydowano się na różne regulacje dotyczące prawa panoramy. Polska czy Wielka Brytania wprowadziły szeroki dozwolony użytek, ale już np. Francja czy Włochy w ogóle nie przewidują takiego wyjątku. Na tym tle polska regulacja może być przykładem dobrej implementacji  dyrektywy do prawa krajowego.

Tak by wyglądał Plac Zamkowy, gdyby w Polsce nie był dopuszczony dozwolony użytek wolności panoramy, CC BY SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Freedom_of_Panorama_2015/pl#/media/File:Warsaw_Royal_Castle_2008_no_FoP_censored.JPG

3. Diagnoza – wyzwania związane z wolnością panoramy
  • Prawo niedostosowane do współczesnych potrzeb: wszyscy fotografujemy, kręcimy filmy czy w inny sposób uwieczniamy miejsca, do których podróżujemy lub gdzie spędzamy czas. Niektóre dzieła stały się też elementami popkultury i tym samym zaczęły być wykorzystywane w różny nietypowy sposób – jako nadruki na koszulach czy inne gadżety. Dziś trudno jednoznacznie stwierdzić, które z tych działań mają charakter komercyjny, a które niekomercyjny – ale niezależnie od tego, wszystkie powinny być dozwolone. Dlatego brak prawa panoramy generuje niepewność prawną i hamuje kreatywność. Myślenie kategoriami analogowymi prowadzi do generowania martwych przepisów. Przykładem na takie działanie może być wyrok szwedzkiego Sądu Najwyższego, który uznał, że prawo panoramy dotyczy tylko analogowego wykorzystania zdjęć, a nie cyfrowego.
  • Brak harmonizacji europejskiego prawa: przepisy w różnych krajach Unii Europejskiej różnią się od siebie, co utrudnia ich przestrzeganie. W Polsce obowiązuje szeroki zakres dozwolonego użytku, ale już np. we Francji, aby sfotografować wieżę Eiffla nocą potrzebne jest pozwolenie (oświetlenie wieży jest objęte ochroną prawnoautorską). W Finlandii i Danii na wykorzystanie zdjęć np. rzeźb jest potrzebna zgoda ich twórców. Z kolei w krajach bałtyckich oraz Słowenii zdjęcia można wykorzystywać tylko w celach niekomercyjnych. Prowadzi to do sytuacji, w której jeśli chcemy przestrzegać prawa autorskiego w zakresie prawa panoramy, musimy poznać dokładnie ustawodawstwo każdego kraju.
4. Rekomendacje
  • Harmonizacja prawa – potrzebne jest jednolite prawo dla wszystkich w Unii Europejskiej, które da poczucie pewności prawnej i jasność co to tego, co jest dozwolone w kontekście wolności panoramy, a co zabronione.
  • Przepisy dostosowane do współczesnych potrzeb – Unia Europejska musi zapewnić nie tylko jednolite ramy prawne dla wszystkich, ale również takie przepisy, które będą możliwe do przestrzegania i szanowania w cyfrowej rzeczywistości. Polska regulacja może być przykładem dobrej implementacji unijnej dyrektywy do prawa krajowego. W porównaniu z innymi krajami polskie prawo daje dużo większą pewność i swobodę w korzystaniu z utworów, stymuluje kreatywność i innowacje.

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