Nyhetsinnsamler

Τα ανοιχτής πρόσβασης επιστημονικά περιοδικά κερδίζουν περισσότερη επισκεψιμότητα και αναφορές

Planet CC -

Τα επιστημονικά άρθρα που έχουν ανοιχτή πρόσβαση διαβάζονται και αναφέρονται πιο συχνά από ό, τι τα άρθρα που είναι διαθέσιμα μόνο σε συνδρομητές. Το  Research Information Network ανέλυσε την ηλεκτρονική επισκεψιμότητα σε περισσότερα από 700 άρθρα που δημοσιεύονται στο επιστημονικό περιοδικό Nature Communications κατά τους πρώτους έξι μήνες του 2013. Η Επιτροπή διαπίστωσε ότι, μετά από 180 ημέρες, τα άρθρα Continue Reading

Examining deficiencies of and limitations on data sharing

Creativecommons.org -

Whether patients, or part of traffic, or exercising or simply walking with one of the behavioral trackers du jour, we are constantly giving data about ourselves and our surroundings to data collecters with few returns. From privacy regulations to bureaucratic barriers to collecting and locking up information just in case it might create monetary value in the future, there are a multitude of barriers between those who collect information and those who want to use it.

With support from Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), we are launching two projects exploring different aspects that often get in the way of easy sharing of citizen-sourced information.

Sharing v. Privacy

Original image by Puneet Kishor released under a CC0 Public Domain Dedication

In collaboration with the Institute for Human Genetics and EngageUC at UCSF, and Personal Genome Project at Harvard University, we will explore the practical, ethical and legal implications of emphasizing benefits of sharing over the need for privacy at a workshop planned for Spring 2015 in Washington DC. A few of the questions to be tackled at the workshop: What if, instead of emphasizing the imperative of protecting privacy, we emphasized the potential benefits from sharing? Would most patients agree to let their information be shared? more →

Sensored City

Original image by Puneet Kishor released under a CC0 Public Domain Dedication

Partnering with Manylabs, a San Francisco-based sensor tools and education nonprofit, and Urban Matter, Inc., a Brooklyn-based design studio, and in collaboration with the City of Louisville, Kentucky, and Propeller Health, maker of a mobile platform for respiratory health management, we will design, develop and install a network of sensor-based hardware that will collect environmental information at high temporal and spatial scales and store it in a software platform designed explicitly for storing and retrieving such data.

Further, we will design, create and install a public data art installation that will be powered by the data we collect thereby communicating back to the public what has been collected about them. more →

Silent Lights Image © Urban Matter, Inc., used with permission.

Please follow our progress on Sharing v. Privacy and the Sensored City projects, and get in touch with us if you want to learn more.

Przegląd linków CC #145

Planet CC -

Otwarta edukacja 1. Boundless staje się powoli synonimem komercyjnego sukcesu otwartych zasobów edukacyjnych, niewątpliwie zajęli się rynkiem o wyjątkowo wysokich cenach, który o lat szukał alternatyw dla drogich podręczników. Boundless potrafi jednak również świetnie tłumaczyć jak i dlaczego działają oraz na czym polega problem, który jako firma starają się rozwiązać zarabiając równocześnie. 2. Wikipedia i edukacja, czyli relacja z tegorocznej […]

So you’ve invented fantasy football, now what?

Planet CC -

We are posting excerpts from our new coursebook Intellectual Property: Law and the Information Society which will be published in two weeks.  It will of course be freely downloadable, and sold in paper for about $135 less than other casebooks.  (And yes, it will include  discussions  of whether one should ever use the term “intellectual [...]

Szeroka koalicja protestuje przeciw nowym licencjom wydawców

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7 sierpnia, 57 organizacji podpisało list otwarty do Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (stowarzyszenia zrzeszającego wydawców naukowych, technicznych i medycznych), krytykujący wydawców za tworzenie własnych licencji do publikowania artykułów naukowych. Sygnatariusze listu dowodzą, że wbrew nazwie (stowarzyszenie używa terminu “Open Access” na opisanie tych licencji), licencje te ograniczają możliwość wykorzystania wyników badań i są sprzeczne […]

網路資料耙梳的法律邊界與 CC0 的公益釋出(下)

Planet CC -

何謂「公開」的定義,可參酌個人資料保護法施行細則第 13 條的定義與說明,其稱當事人自行公開之個人資料,指當事人自行對不特定人或特定多數人揭露的個人資料;而已合法公開之個人資料,指依法律或法律具體明確授權之法規命令所公示、公告或以其他合法方式公開之個人資料。一般來說,只要透過網路平台或是其他途徑,讓一般民眾至不特定人或特定多數人皆可共見共聞,或無限制身份別皆可調閱的資料,都已達公開的程度。 2014-07-31T16:00:00Z admin

Rijksmuseum: Ο διαμοιρασμός ελεύθερων, χωρίς περιορισμούς εικόνων υψηλής ποιότητας κάνει καλό

Planet CC -

Η Europeana δημοσίευσε πρόσφατα μια σημαντική μελέτη περίπτωσης που συνοψίζει την εμπειρία του ολλανδικού Rijksmuseum σχετικά με το άνοιγμα της πρόσβασης στη συλλογή των ψηφιακών τους εικόνων, οι οποίες ανήκουν πλέον στον δημόσιο τομέα. Η μελέτη περίπτωσης γράφτηκε από τον Joris Pekel, συντονιστή της κοινότητας για την πολιτιστική κληρονομιά της Europeana. Κατά τη διάρκεια των τελευταίων ετών, η Europeana έχει Continue Reading

2014 暑期實習生名單

Planet CC -

依姓氏筆畫: 李佳樺(政治大學新聞系) 吳銘崧(臺藝大藝政所) 宮薏婷(臺北大學法學士) 陳慧潔(台大經濟系) 2014-07-25T11:29:33Z ccworker

淺談公眾出資研究與美國FIRST法案

Planet CC -

所謂的公眾出資成果(publicly-funded)指的是,政府運用人民納稅之金錢而進行的研究、分析等產出的成果,例如,給予大學教授研究經費,而教授們的學術研究成果即屬之。 從邏輯上而言,公眾出資研究成果這類的資源應該要提供給大眾,然而實際上,在大眾被授權接近這些素材前通常他們需要支付多次費用。不論從邏輯上,甚至道德觀點而言,大眾都應該要有機會接近經由其納稅的錢所資助而得之研究成果。 越來越多世界各地的政府都在分享大量的公眾出資研究、資料及教育素材。但關鍵問題在 於,這些管理公眾出資素材取得與分配的政策是否能確保人民受有這些政策服務的最大利益?當前大眾並無法輕易接觸該等資源,但若是這些公眾出資資源被要求使 用公眾授權條款時,將會大量的增加對於這類素材廣泛接近並再利用的機會... 2014-07-24T16:00:00Z sunlight

Przegląd linków CC #144

Planet CC -

Otwarta edukacja 1. Campus Technology opracowało bardzo prosty, praktyczny (i ładny) przewodnik po otwartych zasobach edukacyjnych. Przewodnik zaczyna się od naszego ulubionego tematu, o którym niebawem usłyszycie więcej czyli od rozwiewania wątpliwości i mitów na temat otwartych zasobów. 2. Najbardziej znane otwarte zasoby edukacyjne powstają w języku angielskim, co z pozostałymi językami? LangOER przeprowadził badania występowania otwartych zasobów w 23 […]

Fotopedia closes, but CC-licensed photos live on

Planet CC -

Trung Dangy / CC BY-NC-SA If you’re a fan of photo-and-knowledge-sharing community Fotopedia, you’ve likely heard that the site is closing this Sunday, August 10. When Creative Commons heard the news, we contacted Fotopedia to ask if there were some way that we could help save all of the Creative Commons–licensed photos on the site. […]

Fotopedia closes, but CC-licensed photos live on

Creativecommons.org -


Trung Dangy / CC BY-NC-SA

If you’re a fan of photo-and-knowledge-sharing community Fotopedia, you’ve likely heard that the site is closing this Sunday, August 10. When Creative Commons heard the news, we contacted Fotopedia to ask if there were some way that we could help save all of the Creative Commons–licensed photos on the site. Now, we’re working together with the staff at Fotopedia to create a new archive of all of that content. At the same time, our friends at Archive Team are creating a copy of the entire Fotopedia website.

Here at CC, we’ve been big fans of Fotopedia for a long time. The site elegantly mixes together content from Flickr, Wikipedia, and other sources in a way that’s only possible thanks to CC licenses. And over the years, Fotopedia developed an amazing community of people curating all of that content into highly entertaining, visually rich albums.

It’s fitting that all of that work will live on in the new archive. Fotopedia has always been a great example of the power of the decentralized web. Just like Fotopedia brought new life to great photos from Flickr, the archive will bring new life to great photos from Fotopedia.

If you’d like to know when the archive is open, subscribe to our mailing list.. If you have any questions, email us at info@creativecommons.org.

Creative Commons salutes Fotopedia for its work as a leader in online content-sharing. We wish Jean-Marie Hullot and his team all the best on their future projects.

Open Brief: Geen Nieuwe Licenties voor Open Access Publicaties

Planet CC -

De International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM)  - waar onder andere de Nederlandse Uitgeversverbond (NUV) lid van is – heeft een aantal model-licenties gemaakt voor uitgevers die materiaal als Open Access beschikbaar willen stellen. In een open brief tekenen tientallen organisaties, inclusief Creative Commons, bezwaar aan tegen deze overeenkomsten. De ondertekenende organisaties […]

Dozens of organizations tell STM publishers: No new licenses

Planet CC -

The keys to an elegant set of open licenses are simplicity and interoperability. CC licenses are widely recognized as the standard in the open access publishing community, but a major trade association recently published a new set of licenses and is urging its members to adopt it. We believe that the new licenses could introduce […]

Proprietary profitability as a key metric for open access and open source

Planet CC -

Glyn Moody in Beyond Open Standards and Open Access: Like open source, open access is definitely winning, even if there is some desperate rearguard action by the publishers, who are trying to protect their astonishing profit margins – typically 30-40%. No doubt open source and open access have progressed, but the competition maintaining astonishing profit […]

Dozens of organizations tell STM publishers: No new licenses

Planet CC -

The keys to an elegant set of open licenses are simplicity and interoperability. CC licenses are widely recognized as the standard in the open access publishing community, but a major trade association recently published a new set of licenses and is urging its members to adopt it. We believe that the new licenses could introduce […]

Fear Of Smart Contracts

Planet CC -

Babylon, 1772BC, about tea time. King Hammurabi is explaining the idea of laws to several learned persons. Hammurabi: So these laws will regulate how we go about our business in society, backed by the coercive power of the state. Learned…Read more ›

Dozens of organizations tell STM publishers: No new licenses

Creativecommons.org -

The keys to an elegant set of open licenses are simplicity and interoperability. CC licenses are widely recognized as the standard in the open access publishing community, but a major trade association recently published a new set of licenses and is urging its members to adopt it. We believe that the new licenses could introduce unnecessary complexity and friction, ultimately hurting the open access community far more than they’d help.

Today, Creative Commons and 57 organizations from around the world released a joint letter asking the International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers to withdraw its model “open access” licenses. The association ostensibly created the licenses to promote the sharing of research in the scientific, technical, and medical communities. But these licenses are confusing, redundant, and incompatible with open access content published under other public licenses. Instead of developing another set of licenses, the signatories urge the STM Association to recommend to its authors existing solutions that will truly promote STM’s stated mission to “ensure that the benefits of scholarly research are reliably and broadly available.” From the letter:

We share a positive vision of enabling the flow of knowledge for the good of all. A vision that encompasses a world in which downstream communicators and curators can use research content in new ways, including creating translations, visualizations, and adaptations for diverse audiences. There is much work to do but the Creative Commons licenses already provide legal tools that are easy to understand, fit for the digital age, machine readable and consistently applied across content platforms.

So, what’s really wrong with the STM licenses? First, and most fundamentally, it is difficult to determine what each license and supplementary license is intended to do and how STM expects them each to be used. The Twelve Points to Make Open Access Licensing Work document attempts to explain its goals, but it is not at all clear how the various legal tools work to meet those objectives.

Second, none of the STM licenses comply with the Open Definition, as they all restrict commercial uses and derivatives to a significant extent. And they ignore the long-running benchmark for Open Access publishing: CC BY. CC BY is used by a majority of Open Access publishers, and is recommended as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, and reuse of scholarly work by the Budapest Open Access Initiative.

Third, the license terms and conditions introduce confusion and uncertainty into the world of open access publishing, a community in which the terminology and concepts utilized in CC’s standardized licenses are fairly well accepted and understood.

Fourth, the STM licenses claim to grant permission to do many things that re-users do not need permission to do, such as describing or linking to the licensed work. In addition, it’s questionable for STM to assume that text and data mining can be regulated by their licenses. Under the Creative Commons 4.0 licenses, a licensor grants the public permission to exercise rights under copyright, neighboring rights, and similar rights closely related to copyright (such as sui generis database rights). And the CC license only applies when at least one of these rights held by the licensor applies to the use made by the licensee. This is important because in some countries, text and data mining are activities covered by an exception or limitation to copyright (such as fair use in the United States), so no permission is needed. Most recently the United Kingdom enacted legislation specifically excepting noncommercial text and data mining from the reach of copyright.

Finally, STM’s “supplementary” licenses, which are intended for use with existing licenses, would only work with CC’s most restrictive license, Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (BY-NC-ND). Even then they would have very limited legal effect, since much of what they claim to cover is already permitted by all CC licenses. As a practical matter, these license terms are likely to be very confusing to re-users when used in conjunction with a CC license.

The Creative Commons licenses are the demonstrated global standard for open access publishing. They’re used reliably by open access publishers around the world for sharing hundreds of thousands of research articles. Scholarly publishing presents a massive potential to increase our understanding of science. And creativity always builds on the past, whether it be a musician incorporating samples into a new composition or a cancer researcher re-using data from past experiments in their current work.

But to fully realize innovations in science, technology, and medicine, we need clear, universal legal terms so that a researcher can incorporate information from a variety of sources easily and effectively. The research community can enable these flows of information and promote discoveries by sharing writings, data, and analyses in the public commons. We’ve already built the legal tools to support content sharing. Let’s use them and not reinvent the wheel.

Questions should be directed to press@creativecommons.org.

Did Spain just declare war on the commons?

Planet CC -

Two weeks ago the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament approved a number of changes to Spain’s Intellectual Property Law that directly threaten the ability of Spanish internet users to contribute to the commons. The law introduces a number of modifications to copyright law that expand the scope of exclusive rights over areas that were […]

Creative Commons announces launch of CC Belarus

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Creative Commons leaflet / Sviatlana Yermakovich / CC BY-SA Creative Commons is happy to announce the launch of CC Belarus. Youth organization Falanster is now the belarusian Creative Commons affiliate team! On August 29, the official launch of CC Belarus will take place in Minsk. For now, CC Belarus will focus on the following topics: […]

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